Cow Vetch (Vicia cracca)

(aka Blue Vetch, Tufted Vetch, Bird Vetch)
Cow Vetch is an excellent source of nectar for bees and butterflies. The plant grows to a height of two to three feet with flowers growing in clusters on long stalks.

The flowers range from blue-violet to purple in color and bloom late spring through late summer. In early August the flowers drop off and pea-shaped seed pods form, varying in color from light to dark brown.

Cow Vetch is appreciated for its erosion control and enriching nitrogen-fixing properties and is often used as a forage crop for cattle.

Since it often crowds out native plants it is often considered an invasive weed and may not be available for sale.

Attracts: Crossline SkipperBaltimore CheckerspotEastern Tailed-BlueGray Hairstreak Orange SulphurWild Indigo DuskywingDelaware SkipperClouded Sulphur,  and more

Color(s): Blue-violet, purple flowers

Sun Exposure: Sun

Soil: Dry-sandy

Average Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Average Spread: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 4 - 6

Note: Fertilizes itself and other plants around it

Where To Buy Plants

Photo Credits:
Fred Miller

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